(Received 28 September 2004; received in revised form 14 December 2004; accepted 15 December 2004)
Ref: J. C. Sprott, J. A. Vano, J. C. Wildenberg, M. B. Anderson, and J. K. Noel, Phys. Lett. A 335, 207-212 (2005)
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Fig. 1. Evolution of the largest Lyapunov exponent (0.02 full
scale), total biomass (0.05 full scale), and biodiversity (1 full
scale) showing how a typical system with 100 species slowly evolves
toward a weakly chaotic state with high diversity and then remains
there with fluctuations in the biodiversity suggestive of sporadic
volatility and punctuated equilibria.
Fig. 2. Typical chaotic fluctuations in the total biomass and
biodiversity for a system with 100 species after adaptation has been
Fig. 3. A portion of the strange attractor for the same typical system as in Fig. 2 with 100 species after adaptation has been turned off.